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FOOD SECURITY AND LIVELIHOOD CHALLENGES

FOOD SECURITY AND LIVELIHOOD CHALLENGES

Empowerment can be defined as a “multi-dimensional social process that helps people gain control over their own lives. It is a process that fosters power in people, for use in their own lives, their communities, and in their social, by acting on issues that they define as important” (Page and Czuba, 1999). In the same way, women’s empowerment refers to “women’s ability to make strategic life choices where that ability had been previously denied them” (Malhotra et al., 2009). Accordingly, empowerment is central to the processes of maintaining the benefits of women at the individual, household, community and broader levels (Malhotra et al., 2009). It involves the action of boosting the status of women through literacy, education, training and raising awareness (Alvarez and Lopez, 2013). Hence, women’s empowerment is all about allowing and equipping women to make life-determining choices across different issues in the country. Stressing the environmental and social dimensions of sustainable development in the absence of economics neglects the financial capital needed to pay for progress. Building up the economic and social pillars of sustainability while neglecting the environment degrades the natural capital needed for growth. Focusing on economics and the environment without attention to social factors can lead to green growth for a few. Given gender gaps worldwide, these few tend to be mostly men (Stevens, 2010).

Women account for 70% of the world’s poor because of unequal economic opportunities (OECD, 2008). In this regard, valuing women’s work is instrumental in rescuing women from a life of poverty so they might contribute to the country’s economic growth. It is well known that one significant factor inhibiting poverty reduction and economic growth across the developing world is the failure to value women’s work. This assertion applies even more forcibly to women in developing countries, where women are engaged in unpaid, tiresome household work, leading them to be the most impoverished section of society. Therefore, it is highly recommended to remunerate women’s domestic work in order to alleviate poverty as well as promote economic growth. A woman is the nucleus of every home most especially in developing countries. 

The literature addresses gender gap. Women in the developing world have a predefined destiny given their specific destiny, girls were perceived to have little need of intellectual development, and until the late nineteenth century, women began to receive a patchy education designed to make them suitable companion only to their husband. In underdeveloped countries, women not only collect water, fuelwood, work on the farm and trek more than 5 kilometres to fetch water.  In sub-Saharan Africa, 319 million people worry about where and how they’ll get enough water. Without access to an improved water source, their days revolve around a walk for water: gathering enough to cook, clean, bathe and of course, drink. The task of collecting water falls mainly to women also plays a significant role in preserving the culture, grooming the children and shaping their destiny. Much emphasis is given to women role in the society few receive very little assistance from the government. Although women have the highest population of the total global population they contribute 75% to the development of our society while men contribute only 25%. Unfortunately, in spite of their laudable and vulnerable roles, which cannot be substituted by machine or men, women have been neglected since generations.

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WOMEN FOOD SECURITY & LIVELIHOOD CHALLENGES FOR THE MOST VULNERABLE CRISIS AFFECTED POPULATION

 

 

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